Information for the public about gum disease.
The information comprises:
- Symptoms of gum disease
- Causes of gum disease
- Diagnosing gum disease
- Treating gum disease
- Complications of gum disease
- Preventing gum disease
Gum disease (also known as gingivitis) and periodontitis, which can follow a case of gum disease, are two conditions that affect the teeth and gums.
Gum disease causes:
- red and inflamed (swollen) gums
- bleeding gums when brushing teeth
Gum disease is usually caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky substance made up of bacteria. It is usually removed by brushing the teeth but, if it builds up, the bacteria can irritate the gums and cause inflammation (swelling).